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Monday, 19 February 2018

How to clear SSB or the Services Selection Board

Dear Reader

Firstly let me congratulate you on getting selected for appearing in the SSB for selection in  the Armed Forces. In the succeeding paras it shall be my endeavor to explain to you certain nuances pertaining to the selection process.

Step 1. 

(a) Buy the book How To Clear SSB Interviews by COMPETITION SUCCESS REVIEW Publishers. It will help you deal with specific aspects of the selection process and provide you the question banks for the same.

(b) De clutter your mind and be yourself. Army is looking for useful people who can blend in the team and switch role to lead the team.not individual geniuses.

(c) What you think- seen in the Psychological Tests , should reflect in how you conduct yourself-  seen in Group Tests and how you convince others about your point of view-  seen in Group Discussions and Personal Interviews.

Step 2. The First Day

(a) You will be asked to fill up your personal details. 

(b) Thereafter, you will be shown a picture for 30 sec and given 3 minutes to write a story on it. then you will be seated in a group of ten aspirants where you have to steer the discussion to a fruitful conclusion while convincing fellow aspirants by your point of view as well as ability to convince others that you are the leader of the group. Rejection Rate is 8-9/10--this is the make or break stage that gets over by 12 o Clock on the very first day.

(c) After you have been able to make it to the Main Stage, they will start with a small obstacle course that is made in such a manner that you will have to help others as well as take help from others-  teamwork and social acceptability is tested here. After this stage you will be grouped in 5-8 for the Group Tests that are designed to see how good a team player you are and how good a team leader you are. So when someone else of your group is made the leader, majority of them should choose you in their team. Ingenuity in using available resources to get over obstacles and barriers is also seen here.

Step 3. The Second Day

(a) You will face a number of psychological tests in quick succession.
    (i) Thematic Appreciation Tests.. 10 pictures for 30 seconds each with 3 minutes to build & write  a story. the story should have a clear hero/ heroine, a purpose , a method of achievement of goal and a lesson/ positive ending. Be careful. Dont make a complex plot. This part needs practice.

   (ii) Words test. They will flash upto 50 words each for 10 second and in that time you have to write a sentence. May not be grammatically incorrect but needs to be positive and meaningful even if the words are negative in nature. Practice is the key again.

  (iii) Situation Reaction Test-  Here you will run against time top answer almost 100--120 questions in 60 minutes. Again positive practical and realistic answers are the key. Use ur brains though. dont get emotionally carried away. Some questions will be touchy, personal and even offensive. Dont skip questions. Answer short and simple.

(b) There will be a few Group Tests also

    (i)  Obstacle Crossing- All of you will work as a team. Try to naturally emerge as the solutions provider and leader.

   (ii)  Military Planning - You will be given a problem. You need to find a solution as a group. then you need to convince others of your plan or else incorporate parts of someone else's plan. End state is that the group must come up with a workable solution and you should emerge as the natural leader.

  (iii) Group Discussion - Again the parameters are the same. the group must come up with a workable solution and you should emerge as the natural leader.

Step 4. The Third Day

(a) More intense psychological test await you today. the CSR Book I mentioned earlier will be of great help to reduce your anxiety and deal with the tests.

(b) You may be called for interview in the afternoon of eve.

  (i) Dress- Dark Trousers, Light Full Shirt, Black Oxford/Ambassador Shoes and Belt/ Metal or Leather watch--NOT SPORTS BUT ANALOG WATCH. Tie to match.

  (ii) Manners- Impeccable, cheerful confident and articulate in answering. Voice modulated to convince withe slight firmness. Key is Friendly, Fair Firm demeanor.

  (iii) Tricky Questions- No questions will be asked about current affairs or girlfriends. But they may ask you bad qualities of your best friend/ parent/ college etc--do not criticise them, be positive and diplomatic--They are testing your loyalty.

  (iv) Other tricky questions will be to check what exactly makes you violent, agitated , angry or unlawful. There will be questions to test your financial integrity. Basically the interviewing officer knows about your performance in the Group Tasks and Psychological Tests. Accordingly they frame questions to get a clearer picture of your personality. So questions are always candidate specific.

(c) Group Tasks.

   (i) This will be the tricky part. By now you would have blended well in your group of 5-8. The command task will have a leader from each one of you and it will be seen as how many of your group include you in their team  and how ell you contribute to the teams success. Same will be seen when you are the commander-whether you are able to choose a right team in anticipation of the likely tasks and whether your team is able to fulfill the task under your able guidance.

Step 5. The Fourth Day- A conference will be done. You will be called in. Later on an officer will announce who are the cadidates selected. All the first timers will be given cost of two way journey. Those selected will be retained for the medical tets.


The SSB Tests are designed to dig deep into your personality to find out wether u are fit or a misfit as far as the armed forces are concerned. the book i told you will help if you practice on it for at least two weeks. Rest depends on how tactfully you project your leadership and team skills. 

All my best wishes are with you. I hope that you take a print out of this letter and read it discreetly to clear your doubts. Go with an open mind and you will get selected. Majority of the officers clear the SSB in the first go so it should not be a problem.

Coaching Institutes do not help much. The interviewing team can spot a trained candidate from a mile away. So it will work against you. So its better that you practice on your own and deal with the tests using your own merit and dedication. Believe me it will reflect in the originality of your ideas and add to your genuineness.

Regards and Best of Luck

Friday, 27 October 2017

संगठनात्मक व्यवहार 


किसी भी संगठन में  दौरान, न केवल दूसरों के व्यवहार को समझना ज़रूरी है बल्कि यह भी सुनिश्चित करना ज़रूरी है की दुसरे हमारे व्यवहार को समझें। कार्य क्षेत्र में, एक स्वस्थ परिवेश बनाये  रखने के लिए,  अपने आप  अनुकूल ढालना ज़रूरी है, ताकि दिया गया मुद्दा हासिल हो सके।  लिहाज़ा, हर ओहदेदार के लिए संगठनात्मक व्यवहार की समझ होना  ज़रूरी है।  


संगठनात्मक  बारे में जानकारी देना है।  

(क)  भाग एक : परिभाषा और समझ। 
(ख)  भाग दो : सदस्य और संगठन  सम्बन्ध। 
(ग)  भाग तीन : ज़रूरत। 

भाग एक : परिभाषा और समझ 


प्रसिद्ध प्रबंधन विशेषज्ञ रोब्बिंस के अनुसार, संगठनात्मक व्यवहार  का  क्षेत्र है जो, सदस्यों, समूहों और  संगठन के अंदर व्यवहार के प्रभाव को जांचता है ताकि, इस ज्ञान को संगठनत्मक प्रभावशीलता  लाने के उद्देश्य से लागु किया जा सके।  

संगठनात्मक व्यवहार को प्रभावित करने वाले तत्व

(क)  सदस्य : किसी  भी  संगठन  के सदस्य उसके सबसे महत्वपूर्ण हिस्से होते हैं. संगठन के सदस्य उसकी बुनियादी ढांचे को मजबूत बनाते हैं।  जितना बेहतर तालमेल होगा, संगठन उतना ही प्रभावशाली होगा।

(ख)   बुनियादी ढांचा या स्ट्रक्चर : हर संगठन में ओहदेदारों के बीच में सम्बन्ध का एक बुनियादी ढांचा होता है, जिसके आधार पर वह सब अपने लिए सुनिश्चित कार्य को  पूरा करते हैं.इस लिहाज़ से उन सदस्योँ में आपसी सम्बन्ध बनता है :-

एक सरकारी दफ्तर में कर्मचारी अपने अपने महकमों को सँभालते हैं, इसलिए सिर्फ एक दुसरे को पहचानते हैं, उनके बीच संस्थागत तालमेल की ज़रूरत नहीं होती ही।  आयन के लेवल

लेकिन एक फुटबॉल टीम मैं हर सदस्य एक दुसरे की खूबी और कमजोरी को पहचानते हैं और उसी अनुसार टीम जीतने के लिए  अपनी  रणनीति  तय करता है।

(ग) तकनीक या टेक्नोलॉजी : हर संगठन अपने सदस्यों से कार्य करवाने के लिए कुछ बुनियादी तकनीक का इस्तेमाल करती है।  यह तकनीक उन सदस्यों को एक सूत्र में जोड़ता है एक सैनिक  के ताऊ पर हमारी मुखःया तकनीकी कौशल हमारी युद्ध कला में निपुणता है।  लिहाज़ा हमारी सारी प्रशिक्षण कार्रवाई इसी मुद्दे को हासिल करने पर केंद्रित होती है।

(घ)  माहौल या परिस्थिति : हर संगठन की भूमिका उसके अंदर मके माहौल को तय करती है।  जैसे की एक सैनिक निसंकोच होकर अपने दुश्मन को मारता है और देश तथा संगठन के प्रति अपनी जिम्मेवारी को पूरा करता है लेकिन एक डॉक्टर बिना दुश्मन या दोस्त का भेदभाव किये दोनों का इलाज करता है।

संगठनात्मक व्यवहार की समझ का दायरा

(क)सदस्य स्तर  पर : सदसयगत स्तर पर संगठनात्मक व्यवहार की समझ हर  नुमाइंदे के  व्यवहार, नजरिया, व्यावसायिक संतुष्टि और संगठन में आगे बढ़ने की लालसा को समझने की कोशिश करता है।

(ख) समूह स्तर पर : समूह में संगठनात्मक व्यवहार सदस्यों के बीच में लाभ-हानि के हिसाब से तालमेल, मतभेद, सहयोग और  समझौता के कारणों को  समझने की कोशिश करता है।  वह यह भी जानने की कोशिश करता है की सदस्यों के व्यवहार अपने स्वार्थ को पूरा ककरने के लिए था या संगठन के उद्देश्य को हासिल करने के लिए था।

(ग) संगठन में : संगठन में संगठनात्मक व्यवहार की समझ कार्य क्षेत्र  में, सकारात्मक माहौल, निष्पक्ष  व्यवहार और टीमवर्क की  मानसिकता के विकास के लिए होता है।

भाग दो : सदस्य और संगठन  सम्बन्ध

(क) सदस्य की संगठन से अपेक्षा

संगठन में कार्य करने के लिए उसे स्वस्थ  माहौल मिले
संगठन में, चाहे  कोई भी हालत हो, उसका स्थान सुरक्षित रहे
उसे अपनी पसंद का काम मिले और संगठन के व्यवहार में अपनापन हो
सबके साथ  निष्पक्ष व्यवाहर हो
ओहदेदार/ बड़े अधिकारी उसकी भूमिका  उसकी इज़्ज़त करें
निर्णय लेने की करवाई में उसकी सहभागिता हो
सबके लिए प्रगती और व्यावसायिक उन्नति का सामान अवसर हो
सीनियर्स का समस्याओँ  के प्रति तदानुभूति हो

(ख) संगठन की सदस्यों  सेअपेक्षा

 संगठन के उद्द्व्श्य को हासिल करने में लगा रहे
 संगठन के लिए लगातार जी तोड़ मेहनत  करता रहे
हर सदस्य नियमानुसार दिए गए कार्य को करे  व्यवहार करे
जिसका जैसा कार्य , उसके प्रति वैसा ही व्यवहार
ओहदेदार/ बड़े पदाधिकारी के अच्छे व्यवहार का लाभ उठाने की कोशिश न करे
हर सदस्य संगठन के निर्णेय का निर्विरोध सम्मान करे
कुशलता को पुरस्कार
नुमाइंदों में संगठन और ओहदेदारों  के प्रति सम्मान और जवाबदारी की भावना होनी चाहिए

भाग तीन :  ज़रूरत

 संगठनात्मक व्यवहार की समझ जरुरी है क्योंकि

(क) संगठन के हर नुमाइंदे के स्थान के महत्व को समझने में मदद मिलता है।
(ख़) हर सदस्य के व्यावसायिक संतुष्टी और उन्नति के लिए आवश्यक तत्वों  की समझ देता है।
(ग) संगठन के  उद्देश्य को पूरा करने के लिए हर सदस्य की भागीदारी बनाने में मदद करता है।
(घ) दिए गए हर कार्य को बखूबी अंजाम देने की क़ाबलियत  बढ़ाता है।
(च) आपसी सहयोग और तालमेल बढ़ाता है और मतभेद काम करता है।
(छ) लगातार  अच्छा परिणाम हासिल करने के लियए सभी सदस्यों को प्रेरित करता है।


मौजूदा समय में  मानव संसाधान प्रबंधन एक बड़ी चुनौती बनती जा रही है।   नुमाइंदे के व्यवहार को समझने के लिए और हर्र एक नुमाईन्दे की योग्यता और क्षमता  उठाने के लिए किसी भी जूनियर लीडर के कारगर होने के लिए निहायत ही ज़रूरी है। लिहाज़ा इस मुद्दे को हासिल करने में , संगठनात्मक व्यवहार की समझ किसी भी जूनियर लडेर क लिए काफी महत्वपूर्ण साबित होगा।  

Thursday, 3 November 2016

One Indian Girl by Chetan Bhagat - My Review

1. Background. My attempt to write a review of  Mr. Chetan Bhagat's latest effort is a purely personal effort to examine his work as a reader with an open mind. A few days ago, I read Revolution 2020, which kindled certain old memories in the initial chapters. but towards the end, the plot became very abrupt in the treatment of its three main protagonists. With this backdrop. I must admit that I was looking for something similar with every new chapter unravelling- given the common notion of repetitiveness that the author is often accused of.

2. Source. I read the book offline after downloading it on my Kindle Unlimited Edition priced INR 0.00. Despite the forty two chapters,given the thin volume, I managed to finish it in one sitting. The prologue and epilogue was missing this time.

3. The Main Protagonist. Radhika Mehta, a middle class Punjabi girl who has a brilliant academic background that helps her get a Vice President appointment at Goldman Sachs at a young age. Like many other previous protagonists, Radhika is also battling her inner demons and societal prejudices prevalent in the middle class milieu. But this one has a supportive father for a change.

4. The Significant Others.

 Debashish Sen, based in Newyork, is the Left leaning, anti Capitalist pseudo philosophical young man with whom the main protagonist has her first serious relationship. I cringed at the unnecessary detail that the writer went into describing their sexual intimacy- a sheer attempt to titillate, I dare say. The manner in which Radhika was ready to sacrifice her own professional success just to satisfy her man's  ego was understandable. However the brazen similarity with the plot of Revolution 2020 wherein Radhika is buying roses, an engagement ring at Tiffany's  and then visiting Debashish without prior intimation, only to find him with someone else was a pure letdown. Maybe the writer did not find a better expression to reflect the immaturity of his young protagonists.

Neel Gupta, based in Hong Kong, is Radhika's Boss'es boss. As a married, middle aged and highly successful banker, here is a man who actually helps her to mature as an individual, commensurate with her professional rise. But only till the time his own inner demons don't get better of him. The intimacy is handled much better here, thankfully.

Brajesh Gulati, the Facebook employee based in San Francisco is that balancing thread that has been common to each of Mr. Chetan Bhagat's works. In many ways, I feel that this characterisation is a reflection of the writer's self image- an attempt to shape his own existence to be what he wants to rather than what he actually is. The writer leaves Radhika's  'Relationship Status' with Brajesh open ended this time.

5. My Assessment

I somehow felt that in shaping his characters, the writer attempts to  define the various aspects of one single personality. Thereafter he makes them grow with each new relationship to achieve one ideal personality. Seen from this perspective, the characters are an image of the various aspects of the same personality.

6. My Recommendation. Let me be clear that the writer does not attempt to create literary gems. Having said that, the manner in which Mr. Bhagat connects to his readers is the only reason why I ever read his books and would continue doing so. I felt the connect, so would you. just don't be prejudiced or judgemental and read it with an open mind. 

Saturday, 23 July 2016

संकीर्ण राष्ट्रवाद और जम्मु कश्मीर तथा भारत पर इसके दुष्परिणाम

संकीर्ण राष्ट्रवाद और जम्मु कश्मीर तथा भारत पर इसके दुष्परिणाम

 बीते कुछ समय से देश एक अजीब सी विडंबना से रूबरू हुआ है। कश्मीर घाटी हो या जवाहरलाल नेहरू विश्वविद्यालय सामाजिक कार्यकर्ता हो, विद्यार्थी हो या राजनीतिक हर कोई राष्ट्रीयता और आजादी की नई परिभाषा की खोज को आंदोलन की शक्ल दे रहा है। अपनी राष्ट्र भक्ति साबित करने के क्रम में, विरोधियों को देशद्रोही प्रमाणित करने की होड़ है और सस्ती लोकप्रियता की लालच ने मीडिया की भी पक्षपाती और गैर – जिम्मेदार बना दिया है ।


     इस संकीर्ण राष्ट्रवाद का दुष्परिणाम आज जलती हुई कश्मीर घाटी में दिखने लगा है। अलगाववाद तथा उग्रवाद से त्रस्त कश्मीर आज राष्ट्र की मुख्यधारा से दुर होता दिख रहा है। शोरगुल, भड़काऊ बयानबाजी और राष्ट्रभक्ति के सवालों के बीच, ये खेदपूर्ण परिस्थिति ऐसे समय में उत्पन्न हुई है जब वर्षों के सतत प्रयास के पश्चात लग रहा था की अमन – औ - चैन के फूलों से घाटी की वादियाँ फिर से गुलजार हो जाएँगी।


     राष्ट्रीय स्तर पर भी समाज में विभाजन तथा विघटन आ रही हैं और किसी न किसी मुद्दे को तूल देकर अल्पमत या विरोध के स्वर को दबाने में लग गई हैं। बापू ने अपने सपनों के भारत में देखा था कि सबसे कमजोर और सबसे निरीह देशवासी के स्वर को भी गणतन्त्र कि सर्वोच्च संसद में प्रातिध्वनि मिलेगी। संकीर्ण राष्ट्रवाद के इस उन्मादी दौर में हम भारत वासियों को अपनी अंतरात्मा से यह प्रश्न करना होगा कि कहीं हम बापू के सपने के भारत को और वसुदैव कुटुंबकम की विरासत को नष्ट तो नहीं कर रहे हैं।       

Saturday, 19 March 2016

Common Tailorbird

Blame it on the weather gods that led to incessant rains and the subsequent internet outages, I was not able to upload the pics of the Common Tailor bird. What I could not trace though was the famous 'sewn up' nest that gives this songbird its famous nest.

At just 13 cms, the Common Tailorbird can easily give one a miss. It has a buffy white vent. while singing, it displays a black patch at the side of the throat that often leads to it being mistaken for the Dark Necked Tailorbird.

Tailorbirds are small warblers with fairly long thin graduated tails, greenish underparts, rufous crowns and wings and long thinned slightly decurved bills


I have had a fairly long struggle in trying to photograph thie bird. As captioned in the first picture, I spottted this bird for the first time in Belgaum, Karnataka. However, with just a Tamron 70-300mm lens and limited 'stalking' skills, I did not get any successs in obtaining a worthy photograph.

In pursuit of a worthy picture, I have become habituated to the lovely call of this small songbird.


I would sign off now. Coming up next would be the Great Barbet.

Tuesday, 15 March 2016

Black Bulbul

The Black Bulbul, also called the Himalayan Black Bulbul or the Asian Black Bulbul, is a very elegant bird seen in the Northern part of India. The fully slaty/black feathers are in stark contrast to the sharp orange bill. 
Bulbuls are medium sized birds with short rounded wings. this one is upto 23 cms in length. like all Bulbuls, even this one has a distinctive crest. Interestingly, some of these birds have been known to have a white coloured head too, although, I have not been lucky enough to click one yet.
Belonging to the Passerine family, this bird is commonly seen above commonly seen at altitudes upto 3000 m and has a peculiar cat like nasal call combined with gregarious chattering.

In an area that is chiefly dominated by the Himalayan Bulbul and the Red Vented Bulbul, I see these birds turning up in the sunny days that follow the periods of inclement weather. I must also add that this bird shows better resistance to the vagaries of cold weather than the two previously mentioned counterparts.

In my moments of boredom, when the cloudy conditions do not allow better photography, this elegant bird gives me a the opportunity to observe its behavior and peculiarities. I shall be updating the same as I gain better insight. 
I would end here, following up with another blog in continuation with the series on Birds seen in Jammu region of India. Since I have already covered the Black Throated Tit in a  previous blog In Pursuit Of The Bandit, hence, coming up next would be the Common Tailorbird.

Ashy Prinia

This post marks my return to blogging after a long break. I bought a new Nikon 200-500 mm f 5.6 ED VRII Lens to supercharge my bird photography. the entire month of februray was spent in clicking birds of Basai near Gurgaon and Sultanpur Bird Park on the Gurgaon-Jhajjar road. Of course, I'll share tose pictures on a seperate blog with the appropriate label. 

Today I would like to share with you the pictures of  Ashy Prinia.

The Ashy Prinia is a fairly common bird in my surrounding.  It is commonly found near grass scrubs, crops and sparse jungles. They are primarily insectivorous. They have short rounded wings and long graduated tails often cocked and/ or loosely waved around.


The difficulty in photographing it is primarily due to its small size and rapid movements. All of 13 cms. the bird can be exceedingly difficult no notice in the first place, let alone photographing it.
  Several species are confusingly similar. Age-, season- and latitude- plumage variations add to the confusion. It is only the range, habitat and voice that can provide useful clues leading to their identification.

 I would sum up here, coming up next would be The Black Bulbul also known as the Himalayan Bulbul.